Tennessee Curriculum Center

Standard 1: Language > Grammar Thread | Grade 7

Associated Tennessee Learning Expectations
Demonstrate control of Standard English through grammar usage, and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Understand and use correctly a variety of sentence structures.

Developing a Clear Learning Target

About This Topic Thread
Grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves. The more we are aware of how it works, the more we can monitor the meaning and effectiveness of the way we and others use language. It can help foster precision, detect ambiguity, and exploit the richness of expression available in English. And it can help everyone--not only teachers of English, but teachers of anything, for all teaching is ultimately a matter of getting to grips with meaning.

(David Crystal, "In Word and Deed," TES Teacher, April 30, 2004)
Preceding Grade Level
Demonstrate control of Standard English through the use of grammar and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Understand and use a variety of sentence structures.
This Grade Level
Demonstrate control of Standard English through grammar usage, and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Understand and use correctly a variety of sentence structures.
Next Grade Level
Demonstrate control of Standard English through grammar usage, and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Understand and use correctly a variety of sentence structures.
Scaffolded (Unpacked) Ideas
  1. Know and use the eight parts of speech and understand their troublesome aspects. E.g.,predicate nouns, demonstrative pronouns, irregular verb forms, comparative and superlative adjectives, forms of adverb comparative and superlative phrases, subordinating conjunctions, interjections, and prepositional phrases.
  2. Use capitalization correctly.
  3. Correct sentence fragments and run-ons using a variety of techniques. E.g., Correct a run-on sentence by using a comma and coordinating conjunction, subordinate conjunction, or semicolon.
  4. Use a variety of sentence combining techniques.
  5. Use a variety of basic sentence patterns (e.g., subject-verb, subject-action verb-direct object, subject-action verb-indirect object-direct object, subject-linking verb-subject complement, subject-action verb-direct object-object complement).
  6. Demonstrate the correct use of subject- verb agreement with intervening elements.
  7. Know and use pronouns with compound elements.
  8. Know and use pronoun/antecedent agreement with collective nouns or indefinite pronouns.
  9. Demonstrate and correctly use commas with appositives and introductory words, phrases, clauses, and direct/indirect quotations.
Questions to Focus Instruction
  1. What conventions of standard English grammar and usage are demonstrated when writing or speaking?
  2. What conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling are demonstrated when writing?
  3. How does language function in different contexts, effect meaning or style, and aid in comprehension when reading or listening?